Fine and Performing Arts Honors
Date of Award
Ginette C. Blackhart
Thesis Professor Department
Samantha A. Castelblanco
In an attempt to preserve research integrity, the aim of this study is to examine how often statistical results are being misrepresented in empirical studies by using terms such as “marginally significant,” “approached significance,” or “trend toward significance” when interpreting findings. The use of these terms gives ambiguous significance to results that are in fact nonsignificant, which threatens future research by contributing to issues such as the replication crisis. For this study, data were coded from 437 empirical articles published online in The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (JPSP) over a 4-year period between 2017 and 2020. According to our findings, although misrepresentation of statistical results are prevalent within JPSP articles, rates decreased significantly over the four-year time period examined. Additionally, as the number of studies published in JPSP increased each year during the four-year period examined, there may be a potential rise in representatively sound studies and decrease of misrepresentation within this discipline.
East Tennessee State University
Honors Thesis - Withheld
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.
Lybrand, Blythe; Blackhart, Ginette; Parish, Amanda; and Lowe, Hannah, "Investigating the Misrepresentation of Statistical Significance in Empirical Articles" (2021). Undergraduate Honors Theses. Paper 646. https://dc.etsu.edu/honors/646
Copyright by the authors.