Honors Program

Midway Honors, Honors in Exercise Science

Date of Award


Thesis Professor(s)

Kevin Carroll

Thesis Professor Department

Sport, Exercise, Recreation and Kinesiology

Thesis Reader(s)

Mike Ramsey



EMG Activation of the Upper Extremity During a Standing Backhand Disc Golf Throw


Levi Holcomb

Introduction: Disc golf is a sport that has grown increasingly popular in recent years. However, there is a lack of research pertaining to electromyography in a disc throw. Purpose: To analyze the muscle activation of upper body musculature during a standing backhand disc golf throw. Methods: Five male recreational disc golf players performed a maximal effort standing backhand disc golf throw with EMG electrodes placed on the posterior deltoid, extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU), and triceps brachii. The subjects performed a standardized warm-up prior to testing. The subjects completed five maximum effort throws using the same disc while resting 60 seconds between each trial. The mean activation, peak activation, and time to peak activation were measured. Results: The primary outcome of this study was the timing of peak muscle activation occurring first in the triceps brachii (15.6+11.0%), followed by the ECU (21.3+12.1%) and the posterior deltoid (50.3+18.1%). Conclusion: The timing of a disc golf throw is critical, these data suggest coaches and sport participants should consider movement efficacy when throwing a disc. Further, poor between-subjects reliability indicated the varying techniques individuals have during a disc golf throw.


East Tennessee State University

Document Type

Honors Thesis - Open Access

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.


Copyright by the authors.