Elucidating the Effects of Thiamethoxam Neonicotinoid on Honey Bee Learning Using the Proboscis Extension Response
Date of Award
Darrell J. Moore
Thesis Professor Department
Gregory W. Bishop,Laughton M. Messmer
In this study, the effects of the neonicotinoid pesticide, thiamethoxam, are examined through the Proboscis Extension Response (PER) in honey bees (Apis mellifera). PER is a form of classical conditioning applied to honey bees through scent and reward association which quantifies learning rates. Results between groups treated with thiamethoxam did not differ significantly from untreated control groups. Potential reasons for these results are discussed. The method and experimental apparatus for testing the PER assay are also discussed.
East Tennessee State University
Honors Thesis - Open Access
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.
Shepherd, David J., "Elucidating the Effects of Thiamethoxam Neonicotinoid on Honey Bee Learning Using the Proboscis Extension Response" (2017). Undergraduate Honors Theses. Paper 376. https://dc.etsu.edu/honors/376
Copyright by the authors.
Animal Studies Commons, Biology Commons, Entomology Commons, Environmental Education Commons, Environmental Monitoring Commons, Laboratory and Basic Science Research Commons, Natural Resources and Conservation Commons, Natural Resources Management and Policy Commons