Rare Case of Non-Producer Variant of Plasma Cell Dyscrasias With Circulating Plasma Cells
Non-producing variant of plasma cell disorders with circulating plasma cells is an aggressive variant of plasma cell dyscrasias with relatively poor outcomes. A 75-year-old man was admitted due to anaemia (90 g/L) and thrombocytopenia (9×10 9 /L). Comprehensive metabolic panel showed creatinine of 1.34 mg/dL, total protein of 6 g/dL, and corrected calcium was normal. Peripheral smear review showed 8% circulating atypical plasmacytoid cells. Bone marrow biopsy (BMB) confirmed plasma cell myeloma involving 90%-95% of bone marrow cellularity. Serum protein electrophoresis showed no monoclonal protein. Due to aggressive biology of non-producer variant and outcomes based on circulating plasma cells, he was started on VD-PACE (bortezomib, dexamethasone, cisplatin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide and etoposide) chemotherapy. BMB after cycle 1 chemotherapy showed no morphologic, immunophenotypic, or flow cytometric features of a plasma cell neoplasm. Given excellent treatment response cycle 2 was changed to VRD (bortezomib, lenalidomide and dexamethasone). Following two cycles of VRD, he underwent autologous haematopoietic cell transplantation. Day 80 BMB suggested stringent complete response.
Manthri, Sukesh; Zafar, Rabia; Cornell, Robert Frank; and Chakraborty, Kanishka. 2019. Rare Case of Non-Producer Variant of Plasma Cell Dyscrasias With Circulating Plasma Cells. BMJ Case Reports. Vol.12(11). https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-231314 PMID: 31767606