A Systematic Review of Interventions Targeting Infertility-Related Distress: A Search for Active Ingredients

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Various psychological interventions have been developed to combat negative mental and physical health effects of infertility. However, it is unknown if there are common elements, or “active ingredients,” between interventions. This review examined which active ingredients were present among psychological interventions targeting the impacts of infertility. Using a predetermined search strategy, 72 articles and 22 active ingredients were identified. Relaxation/stress management was found to be the most common treatment element. Future research should investigate which active ingredients are most effective for reducing infertility-related stressors so clinicians and researchers can create and implement treatments that contain essential and effective components.