Design of a Novel Terahertz Metamaterial Absorber for Sensing Applications

Document Type


Publication Date



This paper presents and evaluates a new terahertz metamaterial absorber (MMA) for sensing applications. Because of its unique properties, metamaterial-based sensors are widely employed in a variety of applications. The reported structure comprises of two identical metallic patches, a dielectric spacer and a ground metal plane. The finite element approach has been utilized to simulate and analyse the design. It is found that the MMA offered a prominent resonant peak with near 100% absorbance at frequency 4.5 THz due to the resultant effect of coupling between the two identical patches. In addition, surface current distribution, absorption mechanism and structural parametric analysis has also been investigated. The peak is designated as 'A', with a line width of 0.02 THz and a quality factor (Q-factor) of 225, which is sensitive to the refractive index of the environment (RI). As a result of its highly sensitive sensing capabilities, the proposed design can be employed as a sensor for refractive index, having 1.6 THz per refractive index unit (RIU) sensitivity and figure of merit (FoM) of 80 in terms of change in RI of the environment. The majority of biomedical samples have RI of 1.3 to 1.36, which is worth highlighting. Thus, biomedical applications may be possible with the suggested sensor.