Background: Clinical factors associated with exclusion from recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in both men and women are not completely understood. The aim of this study is to determine whether there is a gender difference in clinical risk factors that excluded ischemic stroke patients with a history of smoking from recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. Methods: Retrospective data from a stroke registry were analyzed, and multivariable linear regression models were used to determine gender differences. Logistic regression models determined exclusion clinical risk factors for thrombolysis in male and female acute ischemic stroke patients with a history of smoking, while sequentially adjusting for sociodemographic, clinical, and stroke-related variables. The Kaplan–Meier survival analysis was used to determine the exclusion probabilities of men and women with a history of smoking within the stroke population. Results: Of the 1,446 acute ischemic stroke patients eligible for recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, 379 patients with a history of smoking were examined, of which 181 received recombinant tissue plasminogen activator while 198 were excluded from receiving recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. Of the 198 patients, 75 females and 123 males were excluded from receiving recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. After multivariable adjustment for age, National Institutes of Health scores, and stroke-related factors, females who present with weakness/paresis on initial examination (OR = 0.117, 95% CI, 0.025–0.548) and men who present with a history of previous transient ischemic attack (OR = 0.169, 95% CI, 0.044–0.655), antiplatelet medication use (OR = 0.456, 95% CI, 0.230–0.906), and weakness/paresis on initial examination (OR = 0.171, 95% CI, 0.056–0.521) were less likely to be excluded from recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (thrombolysis therapy). Conclusions: In an ischemic stroke population with a history of smoking, female smokers are more likely to be excluded from thrombolysis therapy in comparison to men, even after adjustment for confounding variables.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
Rotimi, Oluyemi R.; Ajani, Iretioluwa F.; Penwell, Alexandria; Lari, Shyyon; Walker, Brittany; and Nathaniel, Thomas I.. 2020. In Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients With Smoking Incidence, Are More Women Than Men More Likely to Be Included or Excluded From Thrombolysis Therapy?. Women's Health. Vol.16 https://doi.org/10.1177/1745506520922760 PMID: 32459136 ISSN: 1745-5057