Direct-Acting Oral Anticoagulant Use at Extremes of Body Weight: Literature Review and Recommendations
To review the literature on treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and prevention of cardioembolic stroke with direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in low- and high-body-weight patients and to make recommendations regarding agent selection and dosing in these patient populations. Summary: The selection and optimal dosing of DOACs in low- and high-body-weight patients has not yet been fully elucidated by clinical trials; however, evidence suggests that issues of both safety and efficacy in patients at the extremes of body weight may warrant careful consideration when selecting a DOAC for such patients. This review provides a thorough discussion of the use of DOACs in the treatment of VTE and prevention of cardioembolic stroke in patients at the extremes of body weight and provides guidance regarding agent selection. Conclusion: While the published evidence on use of DOACs in patients at extremes of body weight is sparse, apixaban and rivaroxaban appear to have the most favorable safety and efficacy profiles. Edoxaban and dabigatran should be avoided.
Covert, Kelly; and Branam, Donald L.. 2020. Direct-Acting Oral Anticoagulant Use at Extremes of Body Weight: Literature Review and Recommendations. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. Vol.77(11). 865-876. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajhp/zxaa059 PMID: 32426845 ISSN: 1079-2082