VANETomo: A Congestion Identification and Control Scheme in Connected Vehicles Using Network Tomography

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The Internet of Things (IoT) is a vision for an internetwork of intelligent, communicating objects, which is on the cusp of transforming human lives. Smart transportation is one of the critical application domains of IoT and has benefitted from using state-of-the-art technology to combat urban issues such as traffic congestion while promoting communication between the vehicles, increasing driver safety, traffic efficiency and ultimately paving the way for autonomous vehicles. Connected Vehicle (CV) technology, enabled by Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC), has attracted significant attention from industry, academia, and government, due to its potential for improving driver comfort and safety. These vehicular communications have stringent transmission requirements. To assure the effectiveness and reliability of DRSC, efficient algorithms are needed to ensure adequate quality of service in the event of network congestion. Previously proposed congestion control methods that require high levels of cooperation among Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network (VANET) nodes. This paper proposes a new approach, VANETomo, which uses statistical Network Tomography (NT) to infer transmission delays on links between vehicles with no cooperation from connected nodes. Our proposed method combines open and closed loops congestion control in a VANET environment. Simulation results show VANETomo outperforming other congestion control strategies.