Characteristics and Long-Term Outcomes of Patients With Prior Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

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Limited data are available on characteristics and long-term outcomes of patients with coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Between January 2000 to December 2014, we identified STEMI patients with prior CABG undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention from 3 sites. Kaplan-Meier methods to estimate survival and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were employed and compared to a propensity matched cohort of non-CABG STEMI patients. Independent predictors of outcomes were analyzed with Cox modeling. Of the 3,212 STEMI patients identified, there were 296 (9.2%) CABG STEMI patients, having nearly similar frequencies of culprit graft (47.6%) versus culprit native (52.4%) as the infarct-related artery (IRA). At 10 years, the adjusted survival was 44% in CABG STEMI versus 55% in non-CABG STEMI (HR 1.26; 95%CI 0.86 to 1.87; p = 0.72). Survival free of MACE was lower for CABG STEMI (graft IRA, 37%; native IRA, 46%) as compared to non-CABG STEMI controls (63%) (p = 0.02). Neither CABG history nor IRA (native vs graft) was independently associated with death or MACE in multivariable analysis. Temporal trends showed no significant change in death or MACE rates of CABG STEMI patients over time. In conclusion, long term survival of CABG STEMI patients is not significantly different than matched STEMI patients without prior CABG; however, CABG STEMI patients were at significantly higher risk for MACE events.