Paired Domination in Graphs

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A set S of vertices in a graph G is a paired dominating set if every vertex of G is adjacent to a vertex in S and the subgraph induced by S contains a perfect matching (not necessarily as an induced subgraph). The minimum cardinality of a paired dominating set of G is the paired domination number of G. This chapter presents a survey of the major results on paired domination with an emphasis on bounds for the paired domination number.