Title

Outcomes of Rotational Atherectomy Versus Orbital Atherectomy for the Treatment of Heavily Calcified Coronary Stenosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Description

Introduction: The optimal approach to deal with severe coronary artery calcification (CAC) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains ill-defined. Methods: We conducted an electronic database search of all published studies comparing Orbital versus Rotational Atherectomy in patients undergoing PCI. Results: Eight observational studies were included in the analysis. Overall, there were no significant differences in Major-adverse-cardiac-events/MACE (OR: 0.81, CI: 0.63–1.05, p =.11), myocardial-infarction/MI (OR: 0.75, CI: 0.56–1.00, p =.05), all-cause mortality (OR: 0.82, CI: 0.25–2.64, p =.73) or Target-vessel-revascularization/TVR (OR: 0.72, CI: 0.38–1.36, p =.31). However, OA was associated with lower long-term MACE (1-year), (OR: 0.66, CI: 0.44–0.99, p =.04), long-term TVR (OR: 0.40, CI: 0.18–0.89, p =.03), and short-term MI (in-hospital and 30-day) (OR: 0.64, CI: 0.44–0.94, p =.02). OA was associated with more coronary artery dissections (OR: 2.61, CI: 1.38–4.92, p =.003) and device-related coronary perforations (OR: 2.79, CI: 1.08–7.19, p =.03). There were no differences in cardiac tamponade (OR: 1.78, CI: 0.37–8.69, p =.47). OA was noted to have significantly lower fluoroscopy time (MD: −3.96 min, CI: −7.67, −0.25; p =.04) compared to RA. No significant difference was noted in terms of contrast volume between the two groups (OR: −4.35 ml, CI: −14.52, 23.22; p =.65). Conclusion: Although there was no difference in overall MACE, MI, all-cause mortality and TVR, OA was associated with lower long-term MACE and short-term MI. OA is associated with lower fluoroscopy time but higher rates of coronary artery dissection and coronary perforation.

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