HIV Disease and Sleep

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Sleep health is a good indicator to a person’s overall health status and general well-being. Proper sleep is one of the most important factors to healthy immunity. Protecting and restoring sleep quality are vital to well-being. Problems such as insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, fatigue, and hypersomnia can all affect the quality of a person’s sleep.

There are over 35 million people living with HIV/AIDS infection in the world. These people suffer from many of the same sleep problems and often have more frequent or more severe symptoms. It is not clear if this is from the disease, the medications, or some other factors.

HIV-positive persons need good sleep quality to maintain their immune system and help keep the disease from progressing. Treatments for sleep disorders in HIV need to be considered carefully. Interventions should start with the least invasive progress to more invasive therapies and be monitored carefully.