Title

Milk Consumption and Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Description

Prostate cancer is the third most common cancer in men globally, and the most common cancer among men in the United States. Dietary choices may play an important role in developing prostate cancer; in particular, a higher dairy product intake has been associated with an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. The overall positive association between milk consumption and the risk of prostate cancer development and prostate cancer mortality has been well documented in multiple epidemiological studies. However, there is limited literature on the association between types of milk, as classified by fat content (skim, low fat, and whole), and the risk of developing prostate cancer. When further examining current state of the literature on this topic, there is a number of epidemiologic studies assessing the relationship between prostate cancer and milk consumption. On the contrary, very few experimental studies explore this topic. Further experimental research may be necessary to examine the relationship between dairy and dairy products consumption and the increased risk of development of prostate cancer. At this time, there are no formal clinical recommendations regarding dairy products consumption for patients who are at risk of prostate cancer development or who have a history of prostate cancer. In this manuscript, we sought to systematically review the existing literature on the association between milk consumption classified by fat content, and the risk of developing prostate cancer. These findings may be useful for the clinicians who provide recommendations for the patients at risk of developing prostate cancer.

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