Smokefree environment created by smokefree policies is associated with smoking reduction; however, there is paucity of literature on the relationship between smokefree home rules and smoking intensity in low-and-middle income countries (LMICs), and how smokefree policy affects smoking behavior of smokers at different stages of smoking cessation. This study examined the relationship between smokefree home rules and average number of cigarettes smoked per day (CPD) among daily smokers at different stages of the transtheoretical model (TTM) of change. Data from 18,718 current daily cigarette smokers from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) conducted from 2011 to 2017 in 20 LMICs were analyzed. Weighted multivariable linear regression analyses were conducted using the log of CPD as the outcome variable with smokefree home rules as the exposure variable, controlling for selected covariates. Approximately 15% of the participants were in precontemplation, 5% were in preparation, 15% lived in partial smokefree homes, and 30% lived in complete smokefree homes. The average number of CPD was 12.3, 12.0, and 10.6 among participants living in homes where smoking was allowed, partial smokefree homes, and complete smokefree homes, respectively. Compared to living in homes where smoking was allowed, living in complete smokefree homes were associated with 22.5% (95%CI = 18.4%–26.5%), 17.9% (95%CI = 8.4%–27.3%), and 29.3% (95% CI = 17.1%–41.5%) fewer CPD among participants in precontemplation, contemplation, and preparation stages, respectively. These findings suggest that complete smokefree home policy will benefit smokers in LMICs irrespective of their intention to quit smoking in addition to protecting non-smokers from secondhand smoke exposure.
Owusu, Daniel; Quinn, Megan; Wang, Kesheng; Williams, Faustine; and Mamudu, Hadii M.. 2020. Smokefree Home Rules and Cigarette Smoking Intensity Among Smokers in Different Stages of Smoking Cessation from 20 Low-and-Middle Income Countries. Preventative Medicine. Vol.132 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106000 ISSN: 0091-7435