The Relationship of Peak Isometric Strength to Peak Aerobic Power and 3000 M Performance in Cross-country Runners
Certain variables: peak aerobic power (PAP), running economy, and lactate threshold, act as limiting factors for endurance running. However, all of the mechanisms underlying high-level endurance running are not completely clear. Alterations in maximum and explosive strength P27 have been shown to effect positive changes in endurance performance, likely by altering P28 running economy. If strength related factors affect running economy, then this should be evident in the running performance of long-distance runners and perhaps PAP. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between peak isometric strength (IPF), explosive strength (rate of force development, RFD), PAP and 3 k performance (3KT) among 5 female and 7 male (n = 12) X-country runners. Force-time curve analysis was conducted for each (2 trials) isometric pull and averaged for analyses. IPF and RFD from 0 - 200 ms were determined from appropriate curves. IPFs were normalized using an allometric (IPFa) scaling equation: absolute force/ (body mass (kg)0.67). ICCs were previously shown to be > 0.9. Relationships were established with Pearson's r; statistical differences with at-Test (p < 0.05). !PF, IPFa and RFD were not different between sexes. PAP was statistically greater in males. Correlations were: PAP vs 3KT (r = -0.92); !PF vs PAP (r = 0.58), 3KT (r = -0.66); IPFa vs PAP (r = 0.45), 3KT (r = 0.45). RFD vs PAP (r = 0.58), 3KT (r = -0.65). Results indicate that strength characteristics correlate moderately to strongly with PAP and 3KT. Data suggests that strong.
Swisher, Ann Marie; Kraska, Jenna M.; Ramsey, Michael W.; Painter, Keith B.; Gooden, C.; Layne, Andrew S.; Sands, William A.; Haff, G. Gregory; McBride, Jeff; Stone, Margaret E.; and Stone, Michael H.. 2008. The Relationship of Peak Isometric Strength to Peak Aerobic Power and 3000 M Performance in Cross-country Runners. SEACSM Meeting, Birmingham, AL. https://www.acsm.org/docs/default-source/regional-chapter-individual-folders/southeast/p_2008