Effects of Amino Acid Insertion on the Substrate and Regiospecificity of a Citrus paradisi Glucosyltransferase

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Glucosyltransferases, or GTs, are enzymes which perform glucosylation reactions. These glucosylation reactions involve attaching a UDP-activated glucose molecule to acceptor molecules specific to the enzyme. The products of these reactions are observed to have a myriad of effects on metabolic processes, including stabilization of structures, solubility modification, and regulation of compound bioavailability. The enzyme which our lab focuses its research on is a flavonol-specific 3-O-GT found in Citrus paradisi, or grapefruit. This enzyme is part of the class of enzymes known as flavonoid GTs, which are responsible for, among other things, the formation of compounds which can affect the taste of citrus. Our lab focuses its research on performing site-directed mutagenesis on Citrus paradisi 3-O-GT in an attempt to modify its substrate specificity and regiospecificity. In this poster, we report our findings thus far concerning the addition of specific residues to the 3-O-GT's amino acid sequence based on an alignment with the sequence of a putative flavonoid GT found in Citrus sinensis.


Johnson City, TN

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