Site-Directed Mutational Analysis of Flavonol 3-0-Glucosyltransferases from Citrus paradisi

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Glucosyltransferases (GTs) are the important group of enzymes which facilitates the incorporation of UDPactivated glucose to a corresponding acceptor molecule through glucosylation. Glucosylation is a common alteration reaction in plant metabolism and is regularly associated with the production of secondary metabolites. Glucosylation serves a number of roles within metabolism including: stabilizing structures, affecting solubility, transport, and regulating the bioavailability of the compounds for other metabolic processes. GTs involved in secondary metabolism share a conserved 44 amino acid residue motif (60–80% identity) known as the plant secondary product glucosyltransferase (PSPG) box, which has been demonstrated to include the UDP-sugar binding moiety. Among the secondary metabolites, flavonoid glycosides affect taste characteristics in citrus making the associated glucosyltransferases particularly interesting targets for biotechnology applications in these species. Custom design of enzymes requires understanding of structure/function of the protein. The present study focuses on creating mutant Flavonol- 3-O- Glucosyltransferases proteins using site-directed mutational analysis and testing the effect of each mutation on substrate specificity and kinetic properties of the enzyme.


Johnson City, TN

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