Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita: A Review of Treatment Options for the Lower Extremities

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Arthrogryposis, a congenital disorder characterized by multiple joint contractures, can limit one’s ability to perform even the simplest of tasks. The purpose of this paper is to outline the general limitations associated with arthrogryposis and examine the most common corrective procedures used to treat and manage deformities of the lower extremities. While the ultimate goal may be complete correction of the associated deformities, this may not be practical, as recurrence of contractures is common. Surgical and non-surgical methods discussed in this paper include casting with the Ponseti Method, use of bracing and night splinting, soft tissue release for the ankle and knee, talectomy and osteotomy procedures for the knee. The conclusions discussed in this paper determine that complete correction is not typically obtained, but quality of life can be improved through functional independence and ambulation when utilized in conjunction with thorough physical therapy rehabilitation.