Home Health Care of Patients With Febrile Neutropenia

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Febrile neutropenia is a potentially life-threatening oncologic emergency characterized by a dangerously low neutrophil count that places the patient at great risk. In these patients, fever may be the only sign of infection, which requires prompt treatment. With the increasing focus in shifting health care from inpatient centers to outpatient arenas, home health care clinicians will likely have an increased role in the care of neutropenic fever patients in the future. The article describes both the pharmacologic treatment and nonpharmacologic support required of these patients with particular attention to treatment that may be required in the patient?s home.