This paper examines violence and masculinity in Sam Shepard's work as a symptom of war trauma, apparent in his characterization of several of his male characters as war veterans and the violent language accompanying his other characters. War becomes a cultural disease infesting and destroying the family on Shepard's stage.
Weiss, Katherine. 2007. Exploding Bombs: Masculinity and War Trauma in Sam Shepard’s Drama. New England Theatre Journal. Vol.18 77-93. ISSN: 1050-9720