Insulin Therapy in Home Health: A Review

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Diabetes mellitus, whether type 1 or type 2, offers special challenges to home health care providers. Treatment of diabetes can become increasing complex. While insulin remains the cornerstone of treatment in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), the utilization of insulin to safely control blood glucose is also necessary for many patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Many different insulin products are available, with each product possessing different characteristics and adverse effect potential. Balancing glycemic control with patient safety is paramount. The individualization of insulin therapy can be challenging for both patients and health care professionals. Regular evaluation of blood glucose monitoring is vital for patient assessment. This article provides a review of insulin for providers caring for patients in the home health care setting.