Association Between DPYSL2 Gene Polymorphisms and Alcohol Dependence in Caucasian Samples

Document Type


Publication Date



The DPYSL2 gene at 8p22-p21 is expressed widely in neuronal tissues and has been implicated in multiple psychiatric disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. We therefore hypothesized that DPYSL2 gene polymorphisms may play a role in alcohol dependence (AD). We investigated the genetic associations of 57 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the DPYSL2 gene with AD using two Caucasian samples - the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA) sample (660 AD cases and 400 controls), and the Study of Addiction: Genetics and Environment (SAGE) sample (623 cases and 1,016 controls). The SNP rs11995227 was most significantly associated with AD (p = 0.000122) in the COGA sample while one flanking SNP rs7832576 revealed the second most significant association with AD (p = 0.00163) in the COGA sample and association with AD (p = 0.0195) in the SAGE sample. Meta-analysis of two samples showed both rs119952227 and rs7832576 were associated with AD (p = 0.000363 and 0.000184, respectively). Furthermore, the C-A haplotype from rs11995227 and rs7832576 revealed significant association with AD (p = 0.0000899) in the COGA sample while the T-G haplotype revealed association with AD both in the COGA and SAGE samples (p = 0.00098 and 0.021, respectively). These findings suggest that genetic variants in DPYSL2 may play a role in susceptibility to AD.