Attenuation of Cardiac Dysfunction in Polymicrobial Sepsis by MicroRNA-146a is Mediated via Targeting of IRAK1 and TRAF6 Expression
Cardiac dysfunction is a major consequence of sepsis/septic shock and contributes to the high mortality of sepsis. Innate and inflammatory responses mediated by TLRs play a critical role in sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction. MicroRNA-146 (miR-146) was first identified as a negative regulator in innate immune and inflammatory responses induced by LPS. This study examined whether miR-146a will have a protective effect on sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction. Lentivirus-expressing miR-146a (LmiR-146a) or lentivirusexpressing scrambled miR (LmiR-control) was delivered into the myocardium via the right carotid artery. Seven days after transfection, mice were subjected to cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Untransfected mice were also subjected to CLP-induced sepsis. Cardiac function was examined by echocardiography before and 6 h after CLP. In vitro studies showed that increased miR-146a levels suppress LPS-induced IkBa phosphorylation and inflammatory cytokine production in both H9C2 cardiomyocytes and J774 macrophages. In vivo transfection of LmiR-146a attenuated sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction. The values for percent ejection fraction and percent fractional shortening in LmiR-146a-transfected CLP mice were significantly greater than in untransfected CLP control. LmiR-146a transfection prevented sepsis-induced NF-κB activity, suppressed IRAK and TRAF6 expression in the myocardium, and attenuated sepsis-induced inflammatory cytokine production in both plasma and peritoneal fluid. In addition, LmiR-146a transfection decreased sepsis-induced infiltration of neutrophils and macrophages into the myocardium. LmiR-146a can also transfect macrophages in the periphery. We conclude that miR-146a attenuates sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction by preventing NF-kB activation, inflammatory cell infiltration, and inflammatory cytokine production via targeting of IRAK and TRAF6 in both cardiomyocytes and inflammatory monocytic cells.
Gao, Ming; Wang, Xiaohui; Zhang, Xia; Ha, Tuanzhu; Ma, He; Liu, Li; Kalbfleisch, John H.; Gao, Xiang; Kao, Race L.; Williams, David L.; and Li, Chuanfu. 2015. Attenuation of Cardiac Dysfunction in Polymicrobial Sepsis by MicroRNA-146a is Mediated via Targeting of IRAK1 and TRAF6 Expression. Journal of Immunology. Vol.195(2). 672-682. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1403155 PMID: 26048146 ISSN: 0022-1767