Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women: Considerations in Prevention and Treatment: (Women's Health Series)
Osteoporosis, the most common human bone disease, affects 8 million American women and has significant morbidity and mortality. Screening is important in older women and younger postmenopausal women with additional risk factors for osteoporosis/fracture. Preventive measures include avoiding smoking, excessive alcohol/caffeine intake, and falls in addition to maintaining adequate calcium/vitamin D intake and exercise. Estrogen/hormone therapy may be considered in some patients. Various medications have proven efficacy in treating postmenopausal osteoporosis; however, potential adverse effects such as hypocalcemia, worsening of renal impairment, and osteonecrosis of the jaw must be considered. The optimal duration of therapy requires further investigation.
Sanders, Suzanne; and Geraci, Stephen A.. 2013. Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women: Considerations in Prevention and Treatment: (Women's Health Series). Southern Medical Journal. Vol.106(12). 698-706. https://doi.org/10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3182a0df8b PMID: 24305532 ISSN: 0038-4348