Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2017

Description

In this study, we examined the associations of general and central obesity and hypertension among Chinese children. Data was collected from 1626 children aged 7-16 years and their parents in four mega-cities across China. Mixed effect models examined associations of general and central obesity with hypertension, and between body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-To-height ratio (WHtR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). The prevalence of general obesity, central obesity, and hypertension among the children was 11.1%, 19.7%, and 9.0%, respectively. More boys had general and central obesity than girls (15.2% vs. 6.9%; 27.4% vs. 11.7%, respectively; both P < 0.0001). Sex difference in hypertension rate was not statistically significant (9.3% in boys vs. 8.8% in girls, P = 0.7341). Both SBP and DBP were positively associated with BMI, WC, and WHtR, regardless of sex and region. General obesity (OR = 5.94, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.69-9.55) and central obesity (OR = 3.45, 95% CI: 2.27-5.23) were strongly associated with hypertension. The prevalence of general obesity, central obesity, and hypertension was high among Chinese children in the four mega-cities across China. Children's BMI, WC, and WHtR were positively associated with their SBP and DBP. Obese children were 3-6 times more likely to have hypertension.

Copyright Statement

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

COinS