Identifying Classroom Management Strategies by Focusing on Diversity and Inclusion

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Classroom management refers to those activities of instructors that create a positive classroom environment within which effective teaching and learning can occur. As our classrooms get more and more diverse, traditional classroom management techniques seem less effective. It must be noted that diversity and inclusion is very important in a classroom regardless of the makeup and demographics of the students enrolled. Diversity lacking classroom management strategies may have negative effects on students' learning. Students may perceive that they do not "belong" in the classroom which can lead to decreased participation, feelings of inadequacy, and other distractions. Instructors may make flawed assumptions of students' capabilities or assume a uniform standard of a particular group of students based on their race, ethnicity, religion, etc. Instructors may themselves feel out of place based on their own inscriptive traits (i.e. differences based on class, privilege, etc.). Identifying and acknowledging these notions of difference and how they affect the classroom allow both students and instructors to see the classroom as an inclusive place. This study focuses on identifying effective classroom management strategies highlighting diversity and inclusion. The authors utilized survey, interviews and a meta-analysis of literature and identified five classroom management strategies: 1) creating a supportive physical environment, 2) establishing clear expectations of behavior, 3) communicating students in a culturally responsive ways, 4) creating a caring and inclusive classroom and 5) managing problematic behaviors - that can maximize inclusiveness in a classroom and enhance learning environment.