Effect of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Its Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence After Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation: A Meta-Analysis
Background/objectives: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have an increased the risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it remains unclear if patients with OSA carry a higher risk of recurrent AF after successful catheter ablation. This meta-analysis was conducted (1) to evaluate the association between OSA and recurrent AF after catheter ablation, and (2) to assess the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the risk of recurrent AF in patients with OSA. Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane databases from inception through July 2017 to identify studies that evaluated the risk of recurrent AF after successful catheter ablation in patients with OSA were included. Effect estimates from the individual study were extracted and combined using random-effect, generic inverse variance method of DerSimonian and Laird. Results: Seven observational studies with a total of 4572 patients AF after successful catheter ablation were enrolled. Compared to patients without OSA, the pooled OR of recurrent AF in patients with OSA was 1.70 (95% CI, 1.40-2.06, I2 = 0). Among OSA patients with AF after successful catheter ablation, the use of CPAP was significantly associated with decreased risk of recurrent AF with pooled OR of 0.28 (0.19-0.40, I2= 0). Egger's regression asymmetry test was performed and showed no publication bias for the associations of OSA and CPAP with recurrent AF. Conclusions: Our meta-analysis suggested a significant association between OSA and recurrent AF after catheter ablation. The use of CPAP in patients with OSA is associated with reduced risk of recurrent AF after catheter ablation.
Congrete, Soontharee; Bintvihok, Maythawee; Thongprayoon, Charat; Bathini, Tarun; Boonpheng, Boonphiphop; Sharma, Konika; Chokesuwattanaskul, Ronpichai; Srivali, Narat; Tanawuttiwat, Tanyanan; and Cheungpasitporn, Wisit. 2018. Effect of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Its Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence After Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine. Vol.11(3). 145-151. https://doi.org/10.1111/jebm.12313 PMID: 30091301 ISSN: 1756-5383