Authors' Affiliations

Georgiana Hogan, College of Nursing, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN Janice Lazear, College of Nursing, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN Jean Croce Hemphill, College of Nursing, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN Catherine Hebert, Nursing Department, Charles George VA Medical Center, Asheville, NC Emily Wood, Pharmacy Department, Charles George VA Medical Center, Asheville, NC

Publication date

2020

Faculty Sponsor’s Department

Nursing

Name of Project's Faculty Sponsor

Dr. Jean Croce Hemphill

Additional Sponsors

Janice Lazear

Type

Poster: Competitive

Classification of First Author

Graduate Student-Doctoral

Project's Category

Digestive System, Other Diseases, Nursing Homes

Abstract Text

An evidence-based clinical practice guideline was developed to prevent and manage constipation in the long-term care (LTC) resident. Constipation is a prevalent condition in the LTC resident. Guidelines do not address this vulnerable population. Constipation may result in poor nutritional status, quality of life along with increased health care costs and hospitalizations. A literature review was completed and evidence was evaluated and included into the initial draft recommendations. The guideline was reviewed for content validity using a Delphi Committee of clinical experts in gastroenterology, geriatrics, and pharmacy. The updated guidelines were presented to an interdisciplinary team of long-term care residents. Participants were asked to review and complete a survey regarding clinical applicability of the guideline. Thirty-one interdisciplinary members participated in the education session and 30 surveys were received. Overall, the interdisciplinary team members agreed or strongly agreed the guideline was clinically applicable. Finally, the guideline was evaluated by a group of doctoral prepared practicing nurse practitioners using the AGREE II instrument. The scores were >80% in every domain, with an overall score of 91%, indicating the guideline is high in quality. Development of this guideline signifies an initial step in the management and prevention of constipation in the LTC resident.

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Constipation in the Long-Term Care Resident

An evidence-based clinical practice guideline was developed to prevent and manage constipation in the long-term care (LTC) resident. Constipation is a prevalent condition in the LTC resident. Guidelines do not address this vulnerable population. Constipation may result in poor nutritional status, quality of life along with increased health care costs and hospitalizations. A literature review was completed and evidence was evaluated and included into the initial draft recommendations. The guideline was reviewed for content validity using a Delphi Committee of clinical experts in gastroenterology, geriatrics, and pharmacy. The updated guidelines were presented to an interdisciplinary team of long-term care residents. Participants were asked to review and complete a survey regarding clinical applicability of the guideline. Thirty-one interdisciplinary members participated in the education session and 30 surveys were received. Overall, the interdisciplinary team members agreed or strongly agreed the guideline was clinically applicable. Finally, the guideline was evaluated by a group of doctoral prepared practicing nurse practitioners using the AGREE II instrument. The scores were >80% in every domain, with an overall score of 91%, indicating the guideline is high in quality. Development of this guideline signifies an initial step in the management and prevention of constipation in the LTC resident.