Project Title

Hydrolysis of Acetic Anhydride in Water/Tetrahydrofuran Co-solvent Systems Using Eyring Activation Energy Analysis.

Authors' Affiliations

Wasiu Alowonle Afolaju, Department of Chemistry, College of Arts and Sciences, East Tennessee State Uiversity, Johnson City, TN. Scott Dane William,Department of Chemistry, College of Arts and Sciences, East Tennessee State Uiversity, Johnson City, TN.

Location

Ballroom

Start Date

4-12-2019 9:00 AM

End Date

4-12-2019 2:30 PM

Poster Number

37

Faculty Sponsor’s Department

Chemistry

Name of Project's Faculty Sponsor

Dr. Dane Scott

Type

Poster: Competitive

Classification of First Author

Graduate Student-Master’s

Project's Category

Arts and Humanities and Social Sciences

Abstract Text

This study determines the activation energy parameters for the hydrolysis of acetic anhydride in water/tetrahydrofuran solutions. These values are needed for studies to quantify the effect of the bulk electrostatic environment solvent-solute interactions on the hydrolysis reaction rate. Hydrolysis of an acetic anhydride with water or under basic conditions yields acetic acid. The current study is based on simple hydrolysis of acetic anhydride which produces acetic acid decreasing the pH over time. Simple hydrolysis is monitored by measuring pH versus time at temperatures ranging from 20.0 to 35.0 oC and mole fraction of water ranging from 0.75 to 1.00. Measuring pH over time has advantages over other methods such as conductivity, UV-vis spectroscopy, temperature scanning, FTIR, calorimeter as it is simple, inexpensive and reproducible. Experimental results were used to determine activation enthalpy and entropy for hydrolysis of acetic anhydride using tetrahydrofuran as the co-solvent. These values were determined using the Eyring rate equation under iso-mole fraction and isothermal conditions. Analysis was performed to determine if the activation enthalpy and entropy are temperature dependent. Eyring plots are expected to be linear for iso-mole fractions and isothermal conditions of tetrahydrofuran.

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Apr 12th, 9:00 AM Apr 12th, 2:30 PM

Hydrolysis of Acetic Anhydride in Water/Tetrahydrofuran Co-solvent Systems Using Eyring Activation Energy Analysis.

Ballroom

This study determines the activation energy parameters for the hydrolysis of acetic anhydride in water/tetrahydrofuran solutions. These values are needed for studies to quantify the effect of the bulk electrostatic environment solvent-solute interactions on the hydrolysis reaction rate. Hydrolysis of an acetic anhydride with water or under basic conditions yields acetic acid. The current study is based on simple hydrolysis of acetic anhydride which produces acetic acid decreasing the pH over time. Simple hydrolysis is monitored by measuring pH versus time at temperatures ranging from 20.0 to 35.0 oC and mole fraction of water ranging from 0.75 to 1.00. Measuring pH over time has advantages over other methods such as conductivity, UV-vis spectroscopy, temperature scanning, FTIR, calorimeter as it is simple, inexpensive and reproducible. Experimental results were used to determine activation enthalpy and entropy for hydrolysis of acetic anhydride using tetrahydrofuran as the co-solvent. These values were determined using the Eyring rate equation under iso-mole fraction and isothermal conditions. Analysis was performed to determine if the activation enthalpy and entropy are temperature dependent. Eyring plots are expected to be linear for iso-mole fractions and isothermal conditions of tetrahydrofuran.