Project Title

S100A9 Sustains Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Expansion and Immunosuppression During Chronic Murine Sepsis

Authors' Affiliations

Tuqa Alkhateeb, Departments of Internal Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN Ajinkya Kumbhare, Department of Internal Medicine, Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN Isatou Bah, Department of Internal Medicine, Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN Mohamed Elgazzar, Department of Internal Medicine, Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN

Location

Ballroom

Start Date

4-12-2019 9:00 AM

End Date

4-12-2019 2:30 PM

Poster Number

91

Faculty Sponsor’s Department

Internal Medicine

Name of Project's Faculty Sponsor

Dr. Mohamed Elgazzar

Type

Poster: Competitive

Classification of First Author

Graduate Student-Doctoral

Project's Category

Immune System, Bacterial Infections, Infectious Diseases, Inflammation, Critical Care

Abstract Text

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) expand during sepsis, suppress both innate and adaptive immunity, and promote chronic immunosuppression, which characterizes the late/chronic phase of sepsis. We previously reported that the transcription factors Stat3 and C/EBPb synergize to induces the expression of microRNA (miR)-21 and miR-181b to promote MDSC expansion in a mouse model of polymicrobial sepsis that progresses from an early/acute proinflammatory phase to a late/chronic immunosuppressive stage. We also showed that Gr1+CD11b+ cells, the precursors of MDSCs, from mice genetically deficient in the inflammatory protein S100A9 lack miR-21 or miR-181b in late sepsis, and are not immunosuppressive. In the present study, we show that S100A9 induces miR-21 and miR-181b during the late sepsis phase. We find that S100A9 associates with and stabilizes the Stat3-C/EBPb protein complex that activates the miRNA promoters. Reconstituting Gr1+CD11b+ cells from the S100A9 knockout mice with late sepsis with S100A9 protein restores the Stat3-C/EBPb protein complex and miRNA expressions, and switches the Gr1+CD11b+ cells into the immunosuppressive, MDSC phenotype. Importantly, we find that this process requires IL-10 mediated signaling, which induces S100A9 translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus. These results demonstrate that S100A9 promotes MDSC expansion and immunosuppression in late/chronic sepsis by inducing the expression of miR-21 and miR-181b.

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Apr 12th, 9:00 AM Apr 12th, 2:30 PM

S100A9 Sustains Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Expansion and Immunosuppression During Chronic Murine Sepsis

Ballroom

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) expand during sepsis, suppress both innate and adaptive immunity, and promote chronic immunosuppression, which characterizes the late/chronic phase of sepsis. We previously reported that the transcription factors Stat3 and C/EBPb synergize to induces the expression of microRNA (miR)-21 and miR-181b to promote MDSC expansion in a mouse model of polymicrobial sepsis that progresses from an early/acute proinflammatory phase to a late/chronic immunosuppressive stage. We also showed that Gr1+CD11b+ cells, the precursors of MDSCs, from mice genetically deficient in the inflammatory protein S100A9 lack miR-21 or miR-181b in late sepsis, and are not immunosuppressive. In the present study, we show that S100A9 induces miR-21 and miR-181b during the late sepsis phase. We find that S100A9 associates with and stabilizes the Stat3-C/EBPb protein complex that activates the miRNA promoters. Reconstituting Gr1+CD11b+ cells from the S100A9 knockout mice with late sepsis with S100A9 protein restores the Stat3-C/EBPb protein complex and miRNA expressions, and switches the Gr1+CD11b+ cells into the immunosuppressive, MDSC phenotype. Importantly, we find that this process requires IL-10 mediated signaling, which induces S100A9 translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus. These results demonstrate that S100A9 promotes MDSC expansion and immunosuppression in late/chronic sepsis by inducing the expression of miR-21 and miR-181b.