Project Title

Refrigerated Stability of Diluted Succinylcholine, Pancuronium, and Atracurium

Authors' Affiliations

T. Archibald1, S. Brown1, A. Gonzalez-Estrada2 1College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bill Gatton College of Pharmacy, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 2Quillen College of Medicine, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN

Location

Ballroom

Start Date

4-5-2018 8:00 AM

End Date

4-5-2018 12:00 PM

Poster Number

100

Name of Project's Faculty Sponsor

Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada MD

Faculty Sponsor's Department

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Sleep Medicine

Type

Poster: Competitive

Classification of First Author

Pharmacy Student

Project's Category

Biomedical and Health Sciences

Abstract Text

Refrigerated Stability of Diluted Succinylcholine, Pancuronium, and Atracurium.

T. Archibald1, S. Brown1, A. Gonzalez-Estrada2

1College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bill Gatton College of Pharmacy, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN2Quillen College of Medicine, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN

The purpose of this study is to investigate the stored stability of dilutions of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs), namely succinylcholine, pancuronium, and atracurium, for skin prick/intradermal testing.

Concentrations of NMBAs were monitored by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for a period of 14 days. Dilutions of NMBAs were prepared in saline by factors of 10x, 100x, 1,000x, 10,000x, and 100,000x as sensitivity of the assay allowed. Each drug was prepared with an n = 5 for each dilution, using a different newly opened product for each series. Diluted drug products were stored in a laboratory refrigerator until sampling. On sampling days (day 0, 1, 2, 4, 7, and 14), one milliliter aliquots of each dilution were removed, filtered, and analyzed against freshly prepared set of reference dilutions.

The results are expressed as beyond use date (BUD), defined as recovery of drug versus the reference (90-110%). Based on the LC-MS/MS data, the BUD for succinylcholine diluted by 10x and 100x is 48 and 24 hours, respectively. The1000x dilution is also stable for 24 hours.Higher dilutions of succinylcholine (10,000x to100,000x) should be used immediately following preparation (within less than 24 hours), as the potency of these dilutions had decreased below 90% at the 24 hr sampling. .Pancuronium diluted by 10x and 100x, had a BUD of 48 hours, and the1,000x dilution was stable for 24 hours.As with the succinylcholine, the 10,000x and 100,000x dilutions expressed potency of <90% at 24 hours. .Atracurium diluted to 10x had a BUD of 96 hours, the100x dilution is stable for 24 hours yet higher dilutions (1,000x to 10,000x) do not persist beyond 24 hours. . The 100,000x dilution of atracurium was unknown, given than the signal intensity was too weak to monitor by our LC-MS/MS method.

With increasing dilution factors, the stability of these drugs in saline decreases, associated with an increasing deviation between samples and freshly prepared references. The most stable dilutions for each of the drugs tested were 10x and 100x. Stability of these drugs is likely compromised by hydrolysis of the ester bonds in the drug molecules.

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Apr 5th, 8:00 AM Apr 5th, 12:00 PM

Refrigerated Stability of Diluted Succinylcholine, Pancuronium, and Atracurium

Ballroom

Refrigerated Stability of Diluted Succinylcholine, Pancuronium, and Atracurium.

T. Archibald1, S. Brown1, A. Gonzalez-Estrada2

1College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bill Gatton College of Pharmacy, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN2Quillen College of Medicine, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN

The purpose of this study is to investigate the stored stability of dilutions of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs), namely succinylcholine, pancuronium, and atracurium, for skin prick/intradermal testing.

Concentrations of NMBAs were monitored by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for a period of 14 days. Dilutions of NMBAs were prepared in saline by factors of 10x, 100x, 1,000x, 10,000x, and 100,000x as sensitivity of the assay allowed. Each drug was prepared with an n = 5 for each dilution, using a different newly opened product for each series. Diluted drug products were stored in a laboratory refrigerator until sampling. On sampling days (day 0, 1, 2, 4, 7, and 14), one milliliter aliquots of each dilution were removed, filtered, and analyzed against freshly prepared set of reference dilutions.

The results are expressed as beyond use date (BUD), defined as recovery of drug versus the reference (90-110%). Based on the LC-MS/MS data, the BUD for succinylcholine diluted by 10x and 100x is 48 and 24 hours, respectively. The1000x dilution is also stable for 24 hours.Higher dilutions of succinylcholine (10,000x to100,000x) should be used immediately following preparation (within less than 24 hours), as the potency of these dilutions had decreased below 90% at the 24 hr sampling. .Pancuronium diluted by 10x and 100x, had a BUD of 48 hours, and the1,000x dilution was stable for 24 hours.As with the succinylcholine, the 10,000x and 100,000x dilutions expressed potency of <90% at 24 hours. .Atracurium diluted to 10x had a BUD of 96 hours, the100x dilution is stable for 24 hours yet higher dilutions (1,000x to 10,000x) do not persist beyond 24 hours. . The 100,000x dilution of atracurium was unknown, given than the signal intensity was too weak to monitor by our LC-MS/MS method.

With increasing dilution factors, the stability of these drugs in saline decreases, associated with an increasing deviation between samples and freshly prepared references. The most stable dilutions for each of the drugs tested were 10x and 100x. Stability of these drugs is likely compromised by hydrolysis of the ester bonds in the drug molecules.