Author Names

Sodiq AkandeFollow

Authors' Affiliations

Sodiq Akande Engineering Technology School of Business and TechnologyEast Tennessee State University.

Location

Ballroom

Start Date

4-5-2018 8:00 AM

End Date

4-5-2018 12:00 PM

Poster Number

70

Name of Project's Faculty Sponsor

Mohammad Moin Uddin

Faculty Sponsor's Department

Engineering Technology Department

Type

Poster: Competitive

Classification of First Author

Graduate Student-Master’s

Project's Category

Engineering and Technology

Abstract Text

There is interest concerning the energy performance of buildings in the United States. Buildings, whether residential, commercial or institutional, generally underperform in terms of energy efficiency when compared to buildings that are constructed following sustainably and energy efficiency standards. A substantial percentage of energy loss in these buildings is associated with the thermal efficiency of its envelope (exterior walls, windows roof, floors and doors). The objective of this study will evaluate the results of three energy modeling techniques developed to investigate the energy transfer through the envelope of existing campus buildings. The techniques employed are solving the heat transfer calculations using spreadsheets, using a stand-alone modeling software (OpenStudio) and using an integrated building energy modeling software (eQuest) employed in Autodesk Revit. The first technique is somewhat different from the other two because it does not require a 3D representation of the building to be generated as the first step in the modeling process. It is the application of a mathematical methodology employing heat transfer algorithms entered into the spreadsheet’s cells to estimate the heat transfer through the building envelope. Data needed for this technique are weather data of the buildings location, surface area of the building envelope, and the overall heat transfer coefficient (U-value) of each component of the building envelope. The OpenStudio technique involves a 3D representation of the building. The building is drawn on a 3D modeling computer program called SketchupPro, which communicates directly to the OpenStudio energy modelling interface. The building operations as well as the building characteristics, such as the composition and type of the elements that made up the building envelop, the thermal zone, occupancy schedule and the space type was inputted in the OpenStudio engine. The OpenStudio engine runs the simulation and generates a detail result about the energy usage and energy transfer in the building. The third method that employs AutoCAD Revit software is a standalone technique that does not require an external software for sketching the building model. Revit the ability to draw the model as well as perform the energy analysis at the same time with the aid of inbuilt eQuest modeling engine. The model in Revit is generated with the right building envelope characteristics as the existing building and the weather file. The process is somewhat similar to the OpenStudio technique; the main difference is the level of detail and limitation provided by both the energy modeling engine (eQuest and EnergyPlus). At the end of the simulation, the building energy modeling using Autodesk Revit presents a detailed result of the energy usage and energy flow in the building. The underlying reason of the comparison of three techniques is to understand the simplest, most efficient, accurate method to quantify heat transfer through the building envelope. By the end of this study, the most efficient technique for investigating the building envelope will be expected to be the EnergyPlus technique because of the usage simplicity, ability to take in a lot of details required for simulation and the periodical software updates.

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Apr 5th, 8:00 AM Apr 5th, 12:00 PM

Investigating different modeling techniques for quantifying heat transfer through building envelopes

Ballroom

There is interest concerning the energy performance of buildings in the United States. Buildings, whether residential, commercial or institutional, generally underperform in terms of energy efficiency when compared to buildings that are constructed following sustainably and energy efficiency standards. A substantial percentage of energy loss in these buildings is associated with the thermal efficiency of its envelope (exterior walls, windows roof, floors and doors). The objective of this study will evaluate the results of three energy modeling techniques developed to investigate the energy transfer through the envelope of existing campus buildings. The techniques employed are solving the heat transfer calculations using spreadsheets, using a stand-alone modeling software (OpenStudio) and using an integrated building energy modeling software (eQuest) employed in Autodesk Revit. The first technique is somewhat different from the other two because it does not require a 3D representation of the building to be generated as the first step in the modeling process. It is the application of a mathematical methodology employing heat transfer algorithms entered into the spreadsheet’s cells to estimate the heat transfer through the building envelope. Data needed for this technique are weather data of the buildings location, surface area of the building envelope, and the overall heat transfer coefficient (U-value) of each component of the building envelope. The OpenStudio technique involves a 3D representation of the building. The building is drawn on a 3D modeling computer program called SketchupPro, which communicates directly to the OpenStudio energy modelling interface. The building operations as well as the building characteristics, such as the composition and type of the elements that made up the building envelop, the thermal zone, occupancy schedule and the space type was inputted in the OpenStudio engine. The OpenStudio engine runs the simulation and generates a detail result about the energy usage and energy transfer in the building. The third method that employs AutoCAD Revit software is a standalone technique that does not require an external software for sketching the building model. Revit the ability to draw the model as well as perform the energy analysis at the same time with the aid of inbuilt eQuest modeling engine. The model in Revit is generated with the right building envelope characteristics as the existing building and the weather file. The process is somewhat similar to the OpenStudio technique; the main difference is the level of detail and limitation provided by both the energy modeling engine (eQuest and EnergyPlus). At the end of the simulation, the building energy modeling using Autodesk Revit presents a detailed result of the energy usage and energy flow in the building. The underlying reason of the comparison of three techniques is to understand the simplest, most efficient, accurate method to quantify heat transfer through the building envelope. By the end of this study, the most efficient technique for investigating the building envelope will be expected to be the EnergyPlus technique because of the usage simplicity, ability to take in a lot of details required for simulation and the periodical software updates.