Project Title

Injurious Suicide Attempts Among Middle and High Schhol Students

Authors' Affiliations

Christian Nwabueze, Hilary Elom Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology ETSU

Location

AUDITORIUM ROOM 137A

Start Date

4-4-2018 10:40 AM

End Date

4-4-2018 10:55 AM

Name of Project's Faculty Sponsor

Liang Wang

Faculty Sponsor's Department

Epidemiology

Type

Oral Presentation

Classification of First Author

Graduate Student-Master’s

Project's Category

Biomedical and Health Sciences

Abstract Text

Injurious Suicide Attempts Among Middle and High School Students: Association with Sexual Dating Violence and Substance Use

Christian Nwabueze, Hilary Elom

Introduction: Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among the teenage population. Substance use and sexual dating violence is also common among this group.

Aim: To determine the association between sexual dating violence, substance use and the risk of injurious suicide attempts.

Methods: The data consists of a nationally representative sample of 15, 624 Middle and High School students in the 2015, Youth Behavioral Risk Surveillance System Survey. Majority of the respondents were aged 13 to 17 years.

Results: There were 7757 (50.03%) females and 7749 (49.97%) males. There were 8666 (66.3%) and Blacks and Asians were 14.87% and 5.63% respectively. A total of 1072 (9.87%) had attempted injurious suicide in the past year (females=68.1%, males =31.91%). About 10% had experienced sexual violence within the last year. The proportion attempted suicides who were illegal drugs users, current alcohol, tobacco and marijuana users were 9.14%, 8.87%, 9.08%, 9.36% respectively. Those who did not experience sexual dating violence had a higher odd (OR=1.81, CI = 1.497 – 2.188, P = <0.0001) of injurious suicide than those who did not date at all. Abstinence from smoking, alcohol, marijuana and illegal drug use (OR = 0.396, CI = 0.341 – 0.459, p = <0.0001) in the past month was significantly associated with reduced risk for injurious suicide attempts.

Conclusion: Abstinence from substance use reduces the risk for injurious suicide attempts among middle and high school students. Sexual dating violence seems to be a significant risk factor for injurious suicide attempts in this group.

Key words: suicide, sexual violence, substance use, abstinence

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Apr 4th, 10:40 AM Apr 4th, 10:55 AM

Injurious Suicide Attempts Among Middle and High Schhol Students

AUDITORIUM ROOM 137A

Injurious Suicide Attempts Among Middle and High School Students: Association with Sexual Dating Violence and Substance Use

Christian Nwabueze, Hilary Elom

Introduction: Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among the teenage population. Substance use and sexual dating violence is also common among this group.

Aim: To determine the association between sexual dating violence, substance use and the risk of injurious suicide attempts.

Methods: The data consists of a nationally representative sample of 15, 624 Middle and High School students in the 2015, Youth Behavioral Risk Surveillance System Survey. Majority of the respondents were aged 13 to 17 years.

Results: There were 7757 (50.03%) females and 7749 (49.97%) males. There were 8666 (66.3%) and Blacks and Asians were 14.87% and 5.63% respectively. A total of 1072 (9.87%) had attempted injurious suicide in the past year (females=68.1%, males =31.91%). About 10% had experienced sexual violence within the last year. The proportion attempted suicides who were illegal drugs users, current alcohol, tobacco and marijuana users were 9.14%, 8.87%, 9.08%, 9.36% respectively. Those who did not experience sexual dating violence had a higher odd (OR=1.81, CI = 1.497 – 2.188, P = <0.0001) of injurious suicide than those who did not date at all. Abstinence from smoking, alcohol, marijuana and illegal drug use (OR = 0.396, CI = 0.341 – 0.459, p = <0.0001) in the past month was significantly associated with reduced risk for injurious suicide attempts.

Conclusion: Abstinence from substance use reduces the risk for injurious suicide attempts among middle and high school students. Sexual dating violence seems to be a significant risk factor for injurious suicide attempts in this group.

Key words: suicide, sexual violence, substance use, abstinence