Project Title

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Uptake, Knowledge, and Acceptance for Youth: A Systematic Review of Appalachia

Authors' Affiliations

Chelsea N. Ryan1, Kathryn L. Duvall1, Emily Weyant2, Kiana R. Johnson1, David L. Wood1 1Department of Pediatrics, East Tennessee State University, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, Johnson City, TN 2Department of Learning Resources, East Tennessee State University, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, Johnson City, TN

Location

AUDITORIUM ROOM 137B

Start Date

4-4-2018 3:00 PM

End Date

4-4-2018 3:15 PM

Name of Project's Faculty Sponsor

Kiana R. Johnson and David L. Wood

Faculty Sponsor's Department

Department of Pediatrics

Type

Oral Presentation

Classification of First Author

Medical Student

Project's Category

Biomedical and Health Sciences

Abstract Text

Though vaccine uptake and public support have risen since the release of the first HPV vaccines, the United States has far lower initiation and completion rates for the HPV vaccine series in comparison to other vaccines indicated for youth. Disparities are even greater in the Appalachian regions. Understanding factors contributing to these discrepancies is vital to improving raise vaccine rates in Appalachia. A comprehensive literature search identified all articles pertaining to HPV vaccination in children and adolescents living in Appalachia. The final 15 articles were included in a systematic review of the topic. Findings: HPV disease and HPV vaccine-related knowledge and communication were low in Appalachian communities, and vaccine uptake was lower in all areas of Appalachia as compared to non-Appalachian U.S. Moreover, large variations in uptake existed among Appalachian subregions. Many variables appear to contribute to this variation, including vaccine acceptance for younger adolescents, local and press-driven critical reports of the vaccine, physician communication, and views of the family matriarchs. Targeting the Appalachian subregions, specific campaigns or intervention may be more impactful than viewing the region as a homogenous whole.

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Apr 4th, 3:00 PM Apr 4th, 3:15 PM

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Uptake, Knowledge, and Acceptance for Youth: A Systematic Review of Appalachia

AUDITORIUM ROOM 137B

Though vaccine uptake and public support have risen since the release of the first HPV vaccines, the United States has far lower initiation and completion rates for the HPV vaccine series in comparison to other vaccines indicated for youth. Disparities are even greater in the Appalachian regions. Understanding factors contributing to these discrepancies is vital to improving raise vaccine rates in Appalachia. A comprehensive literature search identified all articles pertaining to HPV vaccination in children and adolescents living in Appalachia. The final 15 articles were included in a systematic review of the topic. Findings: HPV disease and HPV vaccine-related knowledge and communication were low in Appalachian communities, and vaccine uptake was lower in all areas of Appalachia as compared to non-Appalachian U.S. Moreover, large variations in uptake existed among Appalachian subregions. Many variables appear to contribute to this variation, including vaccine acceptance for younger adolescents, local and press-driven critical reports of the vaccine, physician communication, and views of the family matriarchs. Targeting the Appalachian subregions, specific campaigns or intervention may be more impactful than viewing the region as a homogenous whole.