Project Title

Internalizing Symptoms Associated with Emotional Abuse: An Examiniation of Religious Social Support as a Moderating Variable

Authors' Affiliations

Jessica Chambers and Dr. Diana Morelen, Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee

Location

Ballroom

Start Date

4-5-2018 8:00 AM

End Date

4-5-2018 12:00 PM

Poster Number

22

Name of Project's Faculty Sponsor

Diana Morelen

Faculty Sponsor's Department

Department of Psychology

Type

Poster: Competitive

Classification of First Author

Undergraduate Student

Project's Category

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Abstract Text

Emotional abuse in childhood is linked to an increased risk for internalizing symptoms such as depression and anxiety in adulthood. Religious social support offers a promising defense in maintaining mental well-being in the face of trauma. This study aims to investigate if religious social support in childhood will moderate the impact of negative outcomes associated with emotional abuse. Further, this study will examine whether and how gender and ethnicity impact this relationship. The sample includes undergraduate students attending East Tennessee State University (ETSU), located in the southeastern United States (n = 554, 61% female, 11% Black, M age = 20.38 SD = 4.69). Participants completed an online survey that asked about childhood experiences (e.g., emotional abuse, emotion socialization, religious social support) as well as current mental health (e.g., anxiety, depression). Data was analyzed using Statistical Software for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Bivariate relations were examined through Pearson’s correlations and moderated moderation was tested via the Hayes Process Macro (version 3.0, Model 3). Results indicated that religious social support from childhood was negatively related to depression (r = -.23, p = .00) and anxiety (r = -.24, p = 00) whereas negative religious experiences from childhood were positively related to depression (r = .35, p = .00) and anxiety (r = .32, p = .00). Harsh emotional parenting from childhood was positively related to depression (r = .56, p = .00) and anxiety (r = .24, p = .00) in adulthood. Results did not find support for moderated moderation for predicting depression F[1, 360] = .25; ; R2 < .001; p = .62) or anxiety F[1, 360] = .31; R2 < .001; p = .58). Chi-squared indicated no significant differences in the percentage of individuals who endorsed childhood emotional abuse due to ethnicity, gender, or the interaction of ethnicity and gender. There are limitations to retrospective report of experiences from childhood. Future research would benefit from longitudinal designs that follow children across time to better understand whether and how religious social support may be a buffer for emotional abuse experienced in childhood.

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Apr 5th, 8:00 AM Apr 5th, 12:00 PM

Internalizing Symptoms Associated with Emotional Abuse: An Examiniation of Religious Social Support as a Moderating Variable

Ballroom

Emotional abuse in childhood is linked to an increased risk for internalizing symptoms such as depression and anxiety in adulthood. Religious social support offers a promising defense in maintaining mental well-being in the face of trauma. This study aims to investigate if religious social support in childhood will moderate the impact of negative outcomes associated with emotional abuse. Further, this study will examine whether and how gender and ethnicity impact this relationship. The sample includes undergraduate students attending East Tennessee State University (ETSU), located in the southeastern United States (n = 554, 61% female, 11% Black, M age = 20.38 SD = 4.69). Participants completed an online survey that asked about childhood experiences (e.g., emotional abuse, emotion socialization, religious social support) as well as current mental health (e.g., anxiety, depression). Data was analyzed using Statistical Software for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Bivariate relations were examined through Pearson’s correlations and moderated moderation was tested via the Hayes Process Macro (version 3.0, Model 3). Results indicated that religious social support from childhood was negatively related to depression (r = -.23, p = .00) and anxiety (r = -.24, p = 00) whereas negative religious experiences from childhood were positively related to depression (r = .35, p = .00) and anxiety (r = .32, p = .00). Harsh emotional parenting from childhood was positively related to depression (r = .56, p = .00) and anxiety (r = .24, p = .00) in adulthood. Results did not find support for moderated moderation for predicting depression F[1, 360] = .25; ; R2 < .001; p = .62) or anxiety F[1, 360] = .31; R2 < .001; p = .58). Chi-squared indicated no significant differences in the percentage of individuals who endorsed childhood emotional abuse due to ethnicity, gender, or the interaction of ethnicity and gender. There are limitations to retrospective report of experiences from childhood. Future research would benefit from longitudinal designs that follow children across time to better understand whether and how religious social support may be a buffer for emotional abuse experienced in childhood.