Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Program

Chemistry

Date of Award

12-2016

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Hua Mei

Committee Members

Aleksey Vasiliev, Greg Bishop

Abstract

3-Diazonium- 4-(trifluorovinyloxy) - perfluorobutanesulfonyl benzenesulfonimide zwitterionic monomer (see figure 1) is proposed to be polymerized and further act as a new electrolyte for Polymer exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). One reason is that, the aromatic trifluorovinyl aryl ether (TFVE) group can easily be homopolymerized to aromatic perfluorocyclobutane (PFCB) polymer. Furthermore, the diazonium moiety in the monomer is expected to covalently attach the electrolyte to the carbon electrodes support. The perfluoroalkyl(aryl) sulfonimide (PFSI) pendant provides good chemical and mechanical stability as well as better proton conductivity. Several multi-step synthetic schemes are designed to obtain such monomer from perfluoroalkyl(aryl) sulfonimide (PFSI). Among them, the purified coupling product 4-OCF2CF2Br-3-NO2-PhSO2(M) SO2C4F9 from the first approach was successfully completed. The next stages of the work will involve dehalogenation, reduction, and diazotization to achieve the targeting monomer. All the intermediates were characterized by 1H and 19F NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

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