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MS (Master of Science)
Date of Award
Committee Chair or Co-Chairs
Hugh A. Miller III
Karl H. Joplin, David S. Chi
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is a cytokine produced primarily by macrophages during acute inflammation. In this study we examined the differential effect of retinoic acid (RA) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on the induction of TNF-α secretion from U937 monocytic cell populations by using the reverse hemolytic plaque assay (RHPA). The RHPA will allow us to investigate both changes in TNF-α secreting populations as well as monitor the relative amount of TNF-α released from individual cells. Our results indicate that treatment of U937 cells with RA (10-6M) moderately increases the secreting cell populations, and dramatically enhances the amount of TNF-α secreted from cells already committed to secretion. In contrast, treatment with PMA (250ng/ml) drastically increased the secreting population, but only slightly increasing the amount of TNF-α released. These results suggest that induction of TNF-α secretion from U937 cells occurs by different pathways.
Thesis - restricted
Tran, An Xuong, "Measuring the Changes in Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNF-α) from Secretory Populations of U937 Monocytic Cells during Differentiation." (2002). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 685. https://dc.etsu.edu/etd/685
Copyright by the authors.