Degree Name

EdD (Doctor of Education)


Educational Leadership

Date of Award


Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Russell West


This study documented the leadership messages sent to women in 16 of the National Panhellenic Conference groups' official literature. The purpose of the study was to provide detailed descriptive analysis using excerpts from the official literature to show both traditional and non-traditional (women's ways of leading) theoretical themes as well as to determine the use of followership versus leadership messages to women. The approach to this study was the use of qualitative content analysis whereby messages were collapsed into larger theme categories. Datum from content analysis was represented in excerpts and quotes from the official literature of the 16 groups analyzed for this study. Both analysis and meta-analysis were provided. Meta-analysis indicated that the 16 groups sent a wide variety of descriptive, theoretical, and structural messages. However, the amount of traditional leadership messages outweighed non-traditional, women's ways of leading, messages. Additionally, there was message dissonance between some messages sent regarding non-traditional leadership as embedded in bureaucratic structures. Finally, there was a paucity of followership messages as compared to leadership messages sent.

Document Type

Dissertation - unrestricted


Copyright by the authors.