Degree Name

EdD (Doctor of Education)


Educational Leadership

Date of Award


Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Jill Channing

Committee Members

James Lampley, William Flora


This qualitative, phenomenological study explores the lived experiences of introverts who were involved in two or more passive or active extracurricular involvement opportunities during their undergraduate experience at a four-year college or university. Eleven semi-structured interviews were conducted via Zoom video conferencing with self-identified introverts who attended public, four-year universities in the South, West, and Midwest regions of the United States. Participants represented both medium and large institutions. The analysis of the data indicated common themes from the participants including personality traits and common misconceptions of introversion, cultural focus of extraversion, personal and professional development, opportunities granted, and individual preferences for involvement and engagement on campus. The findings of this study revealed the need for further research on the areas of personality and extracurricular involvement. Additionally, the findings of this research study may be used to assist higher educational professionals tasked with the creation and implementation of extracurricular opportunities in creating a variety of offerings for students of all temperament and personality types, including introverts.

Document Type

Dissertation - unrestricted


Copyright by the authors.