Degree Name

DrPH (Doctor of Public Health)


Public Health

Date of Award


Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Katie Baker

Committee Members

Robert Pack, Amy Wahlquist, Kate Beatty


This Integrated Learning Experience (ILE) investigates literature regarding the impact of national Safe Routes to School (SRTS) programs and takes a deeper dive into the lessons that can be learned from North Carolina’s Active Routes to School (NC ARTS) programs through an analysis of data collected from 2007 to 2019. This report is focused on understanding the relationship between and among variables included in the Six Es of SRTS framework: Education, Engineering, Encouragement, Enforcement, Equity, and Evaluation. This investigation provides insight that extends understanding of parental comfort and engagement with these programs. A unique theoretical model was developed as were recommendations for future research in the areas of parental engagement, social norming, and the need for engaging low-wealth communities. Additionally, a community-based social marketing product was developed to improve parental attitudes toward independent active travel for older elementary-, middle school-, and high school-aged children.

Document Type

Dissertation - embargo


Copyright by the authors.

Included in

Public Health Commons