Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Program

Chemistry

Date of Award

5-2020

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Scott J. Kirkby

Committee Members

Marina V. Roginskaya, David M. Close

Abstract

Melatonin is a neurohormone produced by the pineal gland in the brain. It functions as an antioxidant to scavenge free radicals. Free radicals are reactive species; they often oxidize the cells leading to oxidative stress which may lead to severe health complications. Reaction of melatonin with free radicals is known to be stepwise, as such the stability of the intermediates can be examined. Thus, the possibility of using melatonin as an in vivo spin trap can be determined. Spin traps allow characterization of unstable radical species using electron spin resonance spectroscopy. In this research, ab initio quantum chemistry techniques were used to calculate the energies of selected intermediates formed during the partial oxidation of melatonin by hydroxyl radical. Specifically, optimized geometries for melatonin, and selected intermediates with ·OH were obtained at the DFT/B3LYP/cc-pVXZ and HF/cc-pVXZ (X = D, T, Q) levels of theory. Extrapolations to the complete basis set limit were also performed.

Document Type

Thesis - embargo

Copyright

Copyright 2020 by Oladun Solomon Oladiran

Available for download on Saturday, April 06, 2024

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