Degree Name

EdD (Doctor of Education)


Educational Leadership

Date of Award


Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

James Lampley

Committee Members

William Flora, Don Good, Kurt Maier


As the human population increases, the way we use and manage our supply of drinking water becomes even more important. The purpose of this study was to determine residents’ satisfaction level of and performance rating of new water savings devices installed in their apartments. Specifically the investigation focused on ratings of shower heads, kitchen faucet aerators, bath faucet aerators, and fill valve and flapper systems.

This quantitative survey included residents at 4 apartment complexes in Tennessee using a paper questionnaire (N = 626). The participants were grouped by age, ethnicity, gender, and whether or not they had experienced both nonrestrictive devices or restrictive low flow devices within their apartment. An independent samples t test was conducted from the research questions for each of these 4 groups.

The testing variables for each group consisted of the overall performances of the low flow devices, and the satisfaction of the time to get hot water to shower heads and faucets. There was no significant difference between the 4 grouping variables; residents aged 62 and over compared to 61 and younger, males compared to females, whites compared to nonwhites, and those who had experienced both nonrestrictive and restrictive devices while living in the same apartment when compared to these variables; performance rating of low flow shower heads, kitchen faucet aerators, bath faucet aerators, and low flow toilet devices. The variables also included the satisfaction rating of the time needed to get hot water to the new low flow shower heads and kitchen and bath faucet aerators.

These findings support the effort to save clean water and reduce water and sewer costs by installing low flow shower heads, bath and faucet aerators, and water saving toilets. Mean score suggest satisfactory ratings were encountered in every testing category and within every group. In particular, the satisfactory mean score of residents who experienced both nonrestrictive and low flow devices while in the same apartment led to the conclusion that the reduction of water can be achieved satisfactorily in all types of residences.

Document Type

Dissertation - unrestricted


Copyright by the authors.