Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)


Sport Physiology and Performance

Date of Award


Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Michael H. Stone

Committee Members

Charles A. Stuart, Brad H. DeWeese, Kimitake Sato, Christopher B. Taber


The current investigation was an examination of the kinetic and kinematic characteristics of the back squat using accentuated eccentric loading (AEL) and cluster set programming strategies. Trained male subjects (age = 26.1 ± 4.1 years, height = 183.5 ± 4.3 cm, body mass = 92.5 ± 10.5 kg, back squat to body mass ratio = 1.8 ± 0.3) volunteered to complete four different load condition sessions involving traditionally loaded straight sets (TL), traditionally loaded cluster sets (TLC), AEL cluster sets (AEC), and AEL straight sets where only the first repetition of each set used eccentric overload (AEL1). The use of AEL increased eccentric work (WECC) and eccentric rate of force development (RFDECC) but did not result in the expected potentiation of subsequent concentric output. Interrepetition rest, however, appears to have the largest influence on concentric peak power (PP), rate of force development (RFDCON), and average velocity (MV). Additionally, the current study was an investigation of the efficacy of novel methods of ultrasonography technique that can be applied to monitoring training response. Compared to lying measures of the vastus lateralis (VL), standing ultrasonography measures of muscle thickness (MT), pennation angle (PA), and cross-sectional area (CSA) were more strongly and abundantly correlated with dynamic and isometric strength performance. Finally, the present study was an exploration of the genetic underpinnings of performance outcomes and muscle phenotypic characteristics. The polymorphisms of two candidate genes (ACTN3, ACE) typical of strength-power athletes were used. ACTN3 RR tended to result in greater type II fiber CSA and alter maximal strength, while ACE DD tended to influence RFD through the presence of more favorable type II-to-type I CSA ratios. Overall, the current investigation provided valuable insight into the characteristics of advanced programming tactics. Furthermore, the ultrasonography measurement and genetic aspects of the current investigation may serve as a framework to inform monitoring practice and generate hypotheses related to the training process.

Document Type

Dissertation - unrestricted


Copyright by the authors.