MS (Master of Science)
Date of Award
Committee Chair or Co-Chairs
Joe Bidwell, Karl Joplin
Freshwater zooplankton crustacean Daphnia frequently face strong temperature fluctuations in its natural environment, which necessitates adaptive plastic responses. This study focuses on changes in lipid peroxidation and total oxidative capacity in Daphnia tissues in response to long-term and short-term temperature changes.
Long-term acclimation to 28ºC helped Daphnia survive longer at lethally high temperatures. This difference, however, was not accompanied by changes in lipid peroxidation, indicating that it isn’t a good measure of damage or predictor of temperature tolerance.
On the other hand, total oxidation capacity was lower 28ºC- than in 18ºC-acclimated Daphnia, suggesting that acclimation resulted in higher amounts of antioxidants in Daphnia tissues. Exposure to hypoxia, known to up-regulate antioxidant pathways in Daphnia, further elevated heat tolerance in 28ºC- acclimated individuals. Yet, manipulations of glutathione, an important antioxidant, while predictably affecting oxidative capacity, didn’t influence heat tolerance in Daphnia, suggesting that other antioxidants may play a significant role in it.
Thesis - Open Access
Holbrook, Kailea J. Ms., "Effects of Acclimation on Temperature Tolerance and Oxidative Damage in Daphnia magna" (2016). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 3068. https://dc.etsu.edu/etd/3068
Copyright by the authors.