Degree Name

EdD (Doctor of Education)


Educational Leadership

Date of Award


Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Nancy Dishner

Committee Members

Benjamin Caton, Terrence A. Tollefson, Russell F. West


The purpose of this study was to develop a consensus from a panel of experts composed of public school music teachers both based in instrumental methods and/or choral methods, higher education music professors from various backgrounds, public school administrators, philanthropists, authors, researchers, state music supervisors, and leaders in professional music organizations on regional and national levels.

Through the use of the panel of experts from geographical regions across the United States and Canada, this study strove to build strategies that addressed the effects of reducing funding for music education. The vehicle used to build consensus was the Delphi Technique. Through this Delphi study, the 35 panelists suggested, refined, and prioritized strategies that could address music education funding issues.

The Delphi panel members were asked to respond to 14 open-ended questions in the Round 1 questionnaire. During the Round 2 questionnaire, panelists were encouraged to make further recommendations or offer remarks to clarify the already presented strategies, which resulted in a final compilation of 12 questions with 67 subparts. The Round 3 questionnaire was divided into two sections. Section 1 asked panel members to rate the predetermined strategies on a Likert-type scale and Section 2 asked panel members to rank the same strategies in order of importance.

The consensus of strategies by the Delphi panel members may be used to address funding issues on local, state, and national levels. The strategies listed in this study agreed upon by the panel of experts could be transferred into a mass produced handout or pamphlet and distributed to governmental leaders, conference attendees, or published in music education textbooks to educate future music teachers on methods that can be used to combat ever pressing funding issues that continually threaten the elimination and/or reduction of educationally based and publicly supported music programs.

Document Type

Dissertation - unrestricted


Copyright by the authors.