MA (Master of Arts)
Criminal Justice and Criminology
Date of Award
Committee Chair or Co-Chairs
John T. Whitehead, Larry S. Miller
This research was conducted to investigate the effects of gender, grade level, family relationships, and vicarious victimization on self-esteem and attitudes of bullying. A self-report questionnaire was administered to sixth and seventh graders at a middle school to 436 students of whom 209 were males and 224 were females. Each home base classroom was systematically sampled for a random sample. The survey consisted of several demographic questions as well as questions regarding the previously mentioned variables. The mean age was 11.8 with 80.7% indicating they were white and 19.3% indicating another race. In the overall regression equations, gender and family relationships were significantly related to attitudes of bullying and family relationships was the only variable significant in the self-esteem equation. Several correlations between variables were found to be significant.
Thesis - unrestricted
Mongold, Jennifer, "Bullying Behavior in Middle School: The Effects of Gender, Grade Level, Family Relationships, and Vicarious Victimization on Self-Esteem and Attitudes of Bullying." (2006). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 2183. https://dc.etsu.edu/etd/2183
Copyright by the authors.