MS (Master of Science)
Date of Award
Committee Chair or Co-Chairs
Chanfu Li, J. Leonard Robertson
The pathophysiology of cytokines released by infiltrating white blood cells upon pancreatic beta cells is not fully understood. Early growth response gene-1 (Egr-1) expression is specifically and transiently up regulated in pancreatic beta cells in response to glucose. We hypothesized that interleukin-1 beta (IL-1▀) induction of nitric oxide alters glucose induced Egr-1 transcription levels. Egr-1 levels were assessed via western blot, nitric oxide was measured with a Griess Reagent kit and insulin levels via ELISA. Glucose induced both insulin and Egr-1 production in INS-1 cells. IL-1▀ dose dependently increased nitric oxide production over time and significantly attenuated glucose induced Egr-1 expression. Sodium nitroprusside dose dependently reduced glucose induced Egr-1 production. The data suggest a strong relationship between IL-1▀ induced nitric oxide production and the reduction of glucose stimulated Egr-1 production. The pathways altered by this cytokine could provide a better understanding of the pathophysiology leading to pancreatic beta cell death.
Thesis - Open Access
Young, Ada, "IL-1β Amplification of Nitric Oxide Production and Its Inhibitory Effects on Glucose Induced Early Growth Response-1 Expression in INS-1 Cells" (2012). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 1463. https://dc.etsu.edu/etd/1463
Copyright by the authors.