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Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)



Date of Award


Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Jim Mead

Committee Members

Steven C. Wallace, Blaine W. Schubert


Researchers at the GFS, Washington County, Tennessee through the wet screening of nearly 100%of the sediment excavated at the site, recovered an extensive collection of anuran fossil elements. Until recently, these specimens have not been analyzed. The purpose here is the examination, description, and identification of all non-ranid anuran (frogsand toads) material using the following elements: ilium, urostyle, maxilla, frontoparietal, and last sacral vertebra. Anurans identified include Scaphiopus wardorum(extinct spadefoot toad), Bufo terrestris(southern toad), B. cf. B. marinus(giant neotropical toad), three morphotypes of Hyla(tree frogs), and Pseudacris cf. P. brachyphona(mountain chorus frog). Occurrence of these Anura support a paleoecological environment described as warm, moist, and wooded.

Document Type

Thesis - restricted


Copyright by the authors.