Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Program

Chemistry

Date of Award

12-2013

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Aleksey N. Vasiliev

Committee Members

Ningfeng Zhao, Ismail Kady

Abstract

The potential impact of carbon dioxide as a major source of global warming has led to extensive research in order to mitigate the greenhouse effect. In this work, four adsorbents were synthesized and studied. The adsorbents were obtained by grafting and sol-gel of amino-containing molecules such as bis[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl]amine as monoamine and [3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyl]- trimethoxysilane as diamine on the surface of silica gel. CO2 passed through adsorbents at room temperature for its capture, then desorbed at moderate heating, and stored in the form of insoluble BaCO3. The adsorbent synthesized by sol-gel synthesis was found to be more efficient due to its high content of amino groups. A demonstration experiment on reversible adsorption of CO2 on mesoporous modified silica gel was developed. This experiment visualizes a technology of post-combustion CO2 sequestration from industrial emission gases and its storage.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

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